Thursday, April 20, 2017

rain in the archives

Today is such a rainy, headache-inducing day that I thought it would be interesting to see how many primary source collections document rain in some way. Three collections specifically document historic rain and they are all from soldiers, two serving in the Civil War, one in WWI.

Hodgdon, Max R., Papers, 1912-18, documents plane modifications in WWI to cope with rain and mud.

Rogers, Alonzo R. Papers, 1861, 1888, includes a letter to "Sister" from Alonzo in Camp opposite Chattanooga (Tenn.) dated Nov. 6, 1863 describing rain, homesickness, constant skirmishes, food and leaving for Bridgeport.

 Young, Charles B. Correspondence, 1864, 1865. His last letter to "Dear Family", dated Dec. 22, 1864, notes that his comrades drove Rebels farther back, captured troops and artillery, were on night manuevers, the battlefields were covered with dead and wounded soldiers, rain soaked supplies, that he has been sick. 

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

Obama dogs disaster preparedness video rocks

President Obama's library has yet to be built, but there is information online preparing us for this and documenting his time as president here Under photos and videos there is a section on the first dog-Bo. To help pet owners prepare for disasters, there is a video called Get Prepared with Bo and Sunny. If you click on Bo and Sunny photos and underneath the large photo go to the last image in the line, about 4 clicks move the images along, there is a video introducing Sunny and the next (last image) is the disaster preparation video. It is pretty funny. I particularly like the paws on the keyboard and luggage and disaster survival kits with their names on them. They even know how to take their own photos! Enjoy it here  

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

historic CMU commencements

During the stress of the last few weeks before finals, some CMU students are  thinking, I wish exams were over, my papers done, and I had already graduated.

I know you want to get all dressed up, pose for a formal group photo and get your beautifully wrapped sheepskin like these happy early graduates. They look so amazing! All 6 of them!

There are a number of primary source collections in the Clarke documenting CMU graduations or graduating classes or commencements.  In the collections, the experience is titled either graduation or commencement, and this carries over into the catalog description.

Commencement or Graduation is documented in:
multiple CMU photos in various collections and formats.

statistics, including graduation, are recorded in the CMU. Office of the President. Annual reports of the State Board of Education, 1927, 1994.

Also we have many collections consisting mostly of printed degrees or diplomas on vellum of students who graduated over the decades.

Central Michigan University war years collection, 1947-1972. 1 folder

Central Michigan University. Student Organizations Collection, 1927-1961.

Central Michigan University.. Registrar's Office. Enrollment Statistics, 1931, 1932, 1 folder.

Commencement is documented in some way in the all the CMU Presidents' papers at least in photographs if not in speeches, committees reports, and statistics. Here are two examples.

Central Michigan University. Office of the President, President Judson W. Foust Papers,  includes Meeting Minutes, Committee on Graduation and Admission to Candidacy, 1959-61; Photographs Albums of Dedications/ Commencements, 1960-1964; Subject Files, Commencements, 1960-1968

Central Michigan University films, 1940,1970. Includes Graduation, 1964.
Central Michigan University. Office of the President, President Eugene C. Warriner Papers, 
includes: Speeches, Baccalaureate, 1918, 1920-1924, 1927, 1929, 1931-1933, 1936, 1938, and undated; graduate list, 1916; Table of Graduates, 1927-1934

Fox, Bernice M. CMU Normal Scrapboo, 1891, 1925, includes commencement programs, 1924-25. 

Adams, Mabel Curtins. Papers, 1896, 1935. includes 40th anniversary commencement dinner program 1935.

Central Michigan University oversized images, 1968, 1969. includes commencement images 1890s

Goodwin, Julia Ann. Collection, 1935-1938. Photos of her graduating from CMU 1938. 

Hileman, Eula B. Hileman Collection, 1933. Her 1933 CMU commencement photo.
Tennant, Al G. Collection, [1860], 1993. Includes his CMU commencement programs, 1953, 1955. 

Monday, April 17, 2017

Crypt and coffins of archbishops of Centerbury found

Builders renovating a museum found a hidden crypt. The crypt contained 30 lead coffins, indicating high status. They were stacked on top of each other Some have names on them. One had what initially appeared to be a gold crown on top of it, which turned out to be a bishop's mitre.

In order of their terms in office the remains of archbishops found include:
Richard Bancroft, in office 1604-10, 
Thomas Tenison, 1695,1715
Matthew Hutton, 1757-1758
Thomas Secker, 1758-68 had his internal organs buried in the churchyard
John Moore, 1783-1805, and his wife;
Frederick Cornwallis, 1768-1783

another coffin contains the remains of an ecclesiastical court judge of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dean of Arches, John Bettesworth, 1677-1751

The most important man in history listed above is archbishop Richard Bancroft,who served in office 1604-10, but most importantly was the chief overseer of the publication of the new English translation of the King James Bible, a process which began in 1604 resulting in the publication in 1611. 

The find stunned everyone. Nobody knew the crypt or coffins were there and assumed there was no crypt due to the high chance of lower levels flooding due to being close to the Thames.

Why are they all buried there? St. Mary's-at-Lambeth church was built near Westminster Abbey in the 11th century. It served as a parish church and an annex to the Palace, both located in Lambeth. Many archbishops worshiped there and chose to be buried there. The church was deconsecrated in 1972 to become the Garden Museum. It was closed in October 2015 for renovations and schedule to reopen this month.  Rather than move the coffins, there were left in place and a glass panel is now in the floor so visitors can see the coffins.

See and read more about it here

Saturday, April 15, 2017

NSA hacked an international banking system

The US National Security Agency (NSA) hacked into the Swift global banking system. This allowed the NSA to monitor financial transactions, tracing people linked together by nefarious and illegal deeds. Data documenting the tools used to hack the banking system was released online by Shadow Brokers, a hacking group.  This may be the second most important disclosure of NSA activity and tools regarding data hacking since Snowden informed us in 2013.  Experts believe this all actually happened. If the bank system was hacked and monitoring software implanted, it allowed the NSA to monitor financial transactions in all the banks in its system. The bank, headquartered in Belgium, has banks in Bangladesh, Kuwait, Dubai, Bahrain, Jordan, Yemen, and Qatar. .
Read more about it here

Friday, April 14, 2017

Proof found of people living during the ice age in British Columbia changes historical understanding

Archaeologists are stunned to have excavated the remains including fish hooks, atlatl (a piece used to launch spears farther and with more force), and a hand drill to light fires, of a village in remote Western Canada (British Columbia) that existed during the Ice Age. CNN covered the fact that it had been found, but I wondered what the heck prompted them to dig down so far (2.5 meters) in remote Western Canada. There are probably mosquitoes there the size of trucks. I can't even imagine how they got to the site. They probably had to fly and kayak in. Well, archaeologists went looking because the ancient habitation of the area is part of the oral tradition of the Heiltsuk Nation. Their oral tradition is that some of their ancestors lived there long ago.  Interestingly the ancestors picked some land that never froze. Archaeology now supports the Heiltsuk Nation's oral tradition. Everyone is excited. Because of the age of the site, which predate the pyramids, the find is changing how scientists and historians think about where and when Canada and North America was populated. The first people, thought to have populated North America (Alaska) from Siberia first (3,000 years ago), appear now to more likely have come earlier by boat along the coast into Western Canada (14,000 years ago). That is a huge difference in time and method. This changes our understanding of North American population migration. Here's more about it on the History channel's site

Thursday, April 13, 2017

Callisto Group

In 2016 a group hacked the UK's Foreign Office.. The FO is not saying if data was taken and experts think it was more a spear-phishing attack, to get passwords and user names. The hacking domains were created by the Callisto Group. Callisto has attached mostly government sites, think tanks and journalists and is linked to China, Russia and the Ukraine. Read more about it here